The French authorities has mentioned it impose a digital tax on on-line tech giants from subsequent month, regardless of threats of US retaliation on French imports.

The so-called GAFA tax targets primarily American firms corresponding to Google, Amazon, Fb and Apple and comes amid a long-running tax row with the US.

Amazon has already postponed its annual “Black Friday” reductions in France, beneath stress from the federal government. The coronavirus pandemic has heightened tensions over Amazon’s function within the French financial system, significantly the sale of books.

French bookshops, which have been badly hit by a

second national lockdown, feared shedding key pre-Christmas gross sales if the promotion went forward as deliberate on Friday.

The enduring English-language bookshop in Paris, Shakespeare and co, as soon as a hub for writers corresponding to James Joyce, Ernest Hemingway and Simone de Beauvoir, has launched a plea for assist.